小聊设计思想的向上

维克多(维克多)·帕帕奈克 为真正世界安插

1971年
帕帕奈克的《为实在世界布署》给当时的安插性行业投下了一颗大炸弹。帕帕奈克提议自己对于规划目的性的新见解,即设计应当为普遍老百姓服务;设计不仅应该为常人服务,同时还非得考虑为残疾人服务;设计应该认真考虑地球的简单资源利用问题,设计应该
为保证大家居住的地球的有限资
源服务。维克多(维克多)·帕帕奈克对灰色设计思潮暴发了直接影响,他首次提议了布署伦理的观念,即设计为啥?在“波普”设计活动的一片喧嚣的风潮中,起首有人从设计理论的角度得体指出“设计目标”问题。那对于当代企划的五常、现代布置的目标性理论来说,是老大重大的一个源点。正因为有其一源点,日后的筹划理论才面世了越来越长远的腾飞。

PETER BEHRENS: CORPORATE IDENTITY AND BRAND DIFFERENTIATION

Peter Behrens (14 April 1868 – 27 February 1940) was a
German
architect
and
designer.
He was important for the modernist
movement
,
and several of the movement’s leading names (including Ludwig Mies van
der
Rohe
,
Le
Corbusier

and Walter
Gropius
)
worked for him in earlier stages of their careers. He was one of the
first designers who tried to synthesize the two polar positions of
technology and craft.

彼得(彼得)·贝伦斯,德意志联邦共和国建筑师,工业规划的先驱者,第三位当代方法设计师,是当代人的权威,包罗最出名的现代主义建筑师
密斯·范德罗(坚持不渝”少即是多“的建造理学),勒·柯布西耶(功效主义之父),瓦尔特·格罗皮乌斯(包House创办者),那三人都在她的工作室为她工作过。他是率先个尝试综合工艺和技巧整合的设计师。

Herbert A. Simon

西蒙在1969出版的人工科学中,给规划一个新的归类和界限。西蒙认为所有的筹划应被视为人造品,是自然的争论面。

“The engineer, and more generally the designer, is concerned with how
things ought to be — how they ought to be in order to attain goals,
and to function.”

“Everyone designs who devises courses of action aimed at changing
existing situations into preferred ones.”

Design Thinking / Design management / Design Leadership / Design strategy 的区别

小编的眼光是,
设计思想是一种扶助发现非显性的急需或机会,辅助创设新的化解方案的艺术。设计管理偏重在管理和管理者设计团队,进度和安顿产出物(产品、服务、沟通、环境和互动)。设计负责人和规划策略越多着想的是规划思想和统筹管理的频率及出现物上。

Donald Alan Schön

唐纳德(Donald) Schön
背景是MIT的城市规划的上书和思想家,他的大部干活在反对60年份的规划规范的技术性。他支付的自问实践,对于规划进程的中标相当首要。他的行事不仅大大影响了规划,而且影响了团伙学习园地。

“The reflective practitioner allows himself to experience surprise,
puzzlement, or confusion in a situation which he finds uncertain or
unique. He reflects on the phenomenon before him, and on the prior
understandings which have been implicit in his behaviour. He carries
out an experiment which serves to generate both a new understanding of
the phenomenon and a change in the situation.”

CORPORATE AND CONSULTING DESIGN IN THE UNITED STATES,设计合营与咨询在米国的前进

1920-1930之间和包豪斯(House)一样有影响的美利坚联邦合众国工业和图纸设计师,像 Harley Earl,
Henry Dreyfuss, 沃尔特(Walter) Dorwin Teague, and 唐纳德(Donald)Desky(都是在美利坚合众国落地的),这么些设计师把设计同盟与咨询用在实践上,与包豪斯(House)的教诲上一块影响着美利哥的图像和工业设计。

Harley Earl and General Motors: Market Segmentation in the Auto Industry

Harley Earl 米利坚第三位在安插汽车上应用市场细分策略,1927-1959

Raymond Loewy, Design Consultant: Updating Existing Technology

Loewy merged aesthetics, materials, and manufacturing to transform the
loud and ugly electric refrigerator of the 1920s into a modern kichen
appliance. The consumer response was immediate. In one year, sales of
Sears’s Cold Spot increased from 65,000 to 250,000 units – without any
significant change in core technology.

Henry Dreyfuss: Integrating Human Factors as a Core Component of Product
Design

Dreyfuss developed a more scientific approach to human factors and
integrated that perspective with product aesthetics. “to develop
individuals who will be competent to change their environment to greater
conformity with moral ideals.” This became the basis for Dreyfuss’s
human-centered approach. He expressed those ideas in his 1955 book,
Designing for people. Dreyfuss was a more articulate practitioner of
human-centered design than was Loewy.

Paul Rand and Elliot Noyes: Corporate Identity and the International
Movement

Noyes was educated as an architect at Harvard and studied under Gropius
and Bauhaus furniture designer Marcel Breuer. Rand, for his part, was
heavily influenced by what had come to be called the Swiss Style of
graphic design and helped to build a relationship between Switzerland’s
Basel school of Design and Yale University.

One of the first strategic design decisions Rand and Noyes conceived for
international Business Machines was to reduce its long and awkward name
to IBM. Modern identities, they believed, needed to be easy to read and
pronounce in all applications and all languages. The new logo and
identity system was integrated with an approach to curtain wall
architecture that was applied to the new buildings at IBM, as well as to
the outer panel construction design of mainframe computer systems.

George Nelson and Charles and Ray Eames: System Design for Home and Work

When George Nelson was appointed design director for Herman Miller in
1945, he brought a new level of design thinking to the concept of
furniture design for the home and office.

Modern office buildings were being designed using a systematic approach,
and Nelson saw the interior office landscape similarly-as a potential
opportunity for the application of modular design design systems. Each
individual piece of furniture would act as one in a series of flexible
parts with multiple configurations that would fit the modern open office
that had come into being in the 1950s and ’60s.

The husband-and-wife team of Charles and Ray Eames contributed some of
their most important designs under this new strategy. Both of them
studied at Michigan’s Cranbrook Academy of Art, and both were influenced
by Finnish architect Eliel Saarinen. The Eames lounge chair and airport
seating solution, for Herman Miller, are two of the most influential
design projects of the twentieth century.

The ideas and work of Charles and Ray Eames represent a unique and vital
branch of design thinking. Their work is as powerful and influential as
that of Frank Lloyd Wright; yet they are virtually unknown outside of
the fields of design and architecture.

Bill Moggridge

大不列颠及英格兰联合王国引人侧目产品设计师,工业规划教学,交互设计和IDEO创办人。他以选用人性工程设计理论,同时也是后日产品设计主流理论的开发者。他筹划了第一台贝壳式台式机电脑,至今仍是台式机的主流外型。他写作的《关键设计报告》介绍了互动设计的历史,从Douglas
Engelbart
Will
Wright

Larry
Page

Sergey
Brin

I don’t think that anyone has really told (people) what design is. It
doesn’t occur to most people that everything is designed — that every
building and everything they touch in the world is designed. Even
foods are designed now. So in the process of helping people understand
this, making them more aware of the fact that the world around us is
something that somebody has control of, perhaps they can feel some
sense of control, too. I think that’s a nice ambition.

Chapter 1 Notes on the Evolution of Design Thinking: A Work in Progress

发展中的设计思想

by Craig M. Vogel, Director of Center for Design Research and
Innovation, College of Design Architecture, Art and Planning, University
of Cincinnati

Jane Fulton Suri

有心境学和建造学背景的IDEO 教母之称的Jane,
平素从事于付出许多IDEO以人为本的规划工具。引用其在IDEO的历程“她支付了移情观看和感受原型的技巧,现在被周边用于产品、服务和环境,及系统、社团和策略的翻新与规划上。”她的书《Thoughtless
Acts?》

显示了一向观测与规划灵感之间的关联。她近来撰写了《Design
Ethics》
的短篇。

安顿思想在经贸、品牌,服务陈设,客户体验上

履新驱动商业的差异,设计使得立异。

但是大家的问题已远远超越了买卖问题,像MIT和华盛顿圣路易斯分校在解决的题材已是系统层面的题目,像大家的食品须要种类,小孩子肥胖,急救健康等,作为一个设计师和安排思考者,有如此的机遇去化解那样的题目是何其的欢乐,通过自己能影响和更改社会问题。

包豪斯(House):全新设计策略的教诲

1919年格罗皮乌斯在德意志创办包House,是首先所将贝伦斯的想法应用到高等教学中。密斯是最后一届校长。1930年在纳粹的压力下关闭,高校的设计师们都迁往美利坚联邦合众国,世界世界二战后包豪斯(House)的筹划教育学(平衡艺术、科学、技术、批量生产)引领美利坚合营国的统筹思想,随着这个人在美利哥四处落脚,设计的考虑运动也在全美各地开花。

Design Thinking 概览

规划思想本质上是以用户为要旨,强调考察,同盟,飞快学习,视觉化点子,快速概念原型,兼商业分析,最终影响革新和商贸策略的翻新进度。他的目标是把顾客,设计师和经贸人员组成到成品、服务或买卖的宏图进程上。它是想像将来场馆和把产品,服务和心得带到市场上的工具。设计思想术语上来看像是应用设计师的灵活和措施解决问题,不管问题是怎么的。它不能够代替专业设计师或措施和手艺设计,但它是启示创新的一种艺术。

规划思想的多少个第一条件:

1.基于现场调研深切明白消费者

2.与用户和复合型团队一起合作,寻找突破性立异、鲜明升级和伸张新价值上

3.因而视觉化,亲手体验和飞跃原型来增速学习,急迅取得用户反馈。目的是经过快速多次的挫折来收获更新。

4.原型化,可以是概念草图,粗糙的物理模块,或故事角色板,或一组场景故事等

5.并行进行经贸分析,是很要紧的一些。

IDEO 融汇者

IDEO

IDEO1991年时由三家设计公司合并而成,分别是戴维(David) ASUSey
Design(马萨诸塞布兰太尔分校教师 大卫(David) Kelley 成立),Based在伦敦(London)的Moggridge
Associates和在迈阿密的ID-Two(两者都是由比尔 Moggridge成立), 及 Matrix
Product Design(由迈克 Nuttall
创建)。几乎在Buchanan构建统筹思想的还要,IDEO落成了五个合营社的联合,在未来的十年更上一层楼中,从学界和安插性执行吸引了一批极度有影响力的人进入。
与同时期的宏图集团差距,他们同时邀请了人类学,商业战略,教育或健康等差别领域的大方来指引和扩大他们设计团队和流程。这些多学科团队的政策在开首几年后收获了诸多的荣耀。
随后她们开头推广设计思想和以人为主导的筹划,在d.school推出了教育安排,撰写书本,并在海内外的大学实践推广。

作者:Thomas Lockwood, University of Westminster PhD, Integrated design
Management.

1990-2005 服务统筹和众多安排工具的出现

本条时代,设计的界定第二次增加。在90年份初设计的限制从成立人工制品扩展到互相和劳动上。这种转变帮衬来自Buchanan的《设计思想中的邪恶问题》一书琢磨了设计缓解复杂问题、模糊目的的潜力。
到二〇〇三年,南美洲遍地的高校和卡内基梅隆在各处起始上课服务陈设。服务规划的起来,及复杂问题给爆发新的规划格局工具提供了好环境,包涵为非设计师和加入统筹的工具。

Chapter 2 The Designful Company by Marty Neumeier

2008 Survey of Wicked Problems

  1. Balancing long-term goals with short-term demands
  2. Predicting returns on innovative concepts
  3. Innovating at the increasing speed of change
  4. Winning the war for world-class talent
  5. Combining profitability with social responsibility
  6. Protecting margins in a commoditizing industry
  7. Multiplying success by collaborating across silos
  8. Finding unclaimed yet profitable market space
  9. Addressing the challenge of eco-sustainability
  10. Aligning strategy with customer experience

A wicked problem is a puzzle so persistent, pervasive, and slippery that
it can seem insoluble.

Business at bottom is not mechanical but human. Today, we find that
innovation without emotion is uninteresting. Products without aesthetics
are not compelling, brands without meaning are undesirable, and business
without ethics is unsustainable. The management model that got us here
is underpowered to move us forward. To succeed, the new model must
replace the win-lose nature of the assembly line with the win-win nature
of the network.

商贸的下线不是机械而是人。今天,大家发现革新没有心情是从未有过趣味的。产品不美是尚未可比性的,品牌未曾意思价值是不会有欲望想要的,而商业没有伦理是不行持续的。

The sure cure for Deming’s diseases, as well as for the top ten wicked
problems, is design. It’s the accelerator for the company car, the
powertrain for sustainable profits. Design drives innovation, innovation
powers brand, brand builds loyalty, and loyalty sustains profits. If you
want long-term profits, don’t start with technology-start with design.

There are really only two main components for business success: brands
and their delivery. All other activities- operations, finance,
manufacturing, marketing, sales, communications, human relations,
investor relations- are subcomponents.

1960-1980 建立统筹执行,设计活动集中

统筹执行在短短的20年时间跨度里,不仅再也定义了设计是怎样,更是印证了它可以用来做什么。这些相对短但极度密集的等级在天下限量内出生了二种截然区其余设计格局。
60年间的美利哥=设计科学
60年代的弥利坚,工业规划和产品设计取得的率先小步的提升是正经上从工程和正确区分出来。但他俩并没有走得更远,工业设计仍然任重先生而道远根据可量化,可度量的问题与事件。设计工作室寻常在高等校园实验室或工厂,不像今天的工作室在城镇里有像咖啡厅一样的装潢。
意味着有像MIT的Fuller建立多学科的奇才团队进行更新。

60年份斯堪的纳维亚=协同布署
在平等期,Fuller差别的斯堪的纳维亚统筹,通过特邀大学参与统筹啄磨。这几个设计师扮演促进者或率领者角色,每个人和专家到工友或居民一道设计他们想要使用的成品或劳务。开发了成百上千莫大创新的品种,像Utopia,NJMF,DEMOkratiske
Stryringssystemer,DEMOS等扶持工人,工会,工作场馆,政坛部门应对频频转变的条件。
那种工作方法直接适用于我们今日提的服务规划,那种工作措施严重看重设计师的边做边筹划和指引,使用工具像”Mock-up
envisionment(模拟设想)”,未来圈,社团游戏,合营原型,人种学领域研商,社会调研等发出新想法或创新水土保持。中度加入和佚代,集体商讨。
到20世纪80年份中叶,因为计算机的普及与HCI(人机交互)的升华,斯堪的纳维亚的合营规划终于迈出印度洋赶到米国,被普四处称呼加入式设计。

The BAUHAUS: A NEW DESIGN STRATEGY FOR EDUCATION

包House:全新设计策略的教诲

1919年格罗皮乌斯在德创设包House,是第一所将贝伦斯的想法应用到高等教学中。密斯是最终一届校长。1930年在纳粹的压力下关闭,高校的设计师们都迁往美利坚合众国,世界二战后包豪斯(House)的规划理学(平衡艺术、科学、技术、批量生产)引领美利哥的设计思想,随着这个人在米国随处落脚,设计的思考运动也在全美各地开花。

1980-1990 第二代设计思想理论的面世

其一时期人们把富有中度创意的设计师与常见的设计区分开来,把那几个设计师放在显微镜下切磋,试着找出什么让他们灵感大发生。在Nigel
Gross和DonaldSchön等琢磨员调查研讨这几个设计师独立工作时,及团伙合营时的规划进度。从社会科学角度他们留意到不管是私有或者集体协作时设计创意最重视的是设计师的切磋形式。那些布置进度的检察为后来其他事情举行成立性思维打开了大门。

FROM PRODUCT TO ENVIRONMENT AND SOCIAL CHANGE

In 1975 Bill Hannon founded the Design Management Institute(DMI) in
Boston, Massachusetts. This was the first professional organization in
the world dedicated to improving the role of design in business, and
helped to define design management as a new practice.

In 1976 Victor Papanek published his Design for the Real World, asking
designers to see the potential of design thinking for social and
environmental responsibility. He accused designers of catering to the
small percentage of consumers who have everything, while ignoring those
in lower income levels and emerging economies, as well as people with
disabilities.

In 1982, Ralph Caplan wrote in By design that Mahatma Gandhi’s concept
of nonviolent protest was one of the most effective design solutions in
history.

The Nobel laureate Herb Simon stated that there are really two types of
science. One concerns the world humans are responsible for producing(the
science of the artificial), and the other concerns the world in which
humans evolved(the science of the natural).

Science, engineering, and technology factor shifts have occurred in each
decade in the last century, opening new opportunities for designers. The
key ingredient for business success is the presence of both an
innovative 老董 who sees design as an investment, not a cost, and a
strategic design director or consultant who can place the value of the
design at the center of the company. If either one leaves, the value of
design is jeopardized.
把规划作为是斥资在,是否资金;设计策略是集团的骨干;那两点缺一不可才可能在后天及未来改为立异使得的铺面。

Tim Brown

[Tim Brown]
(https://www.ideo.com/people/tim-brown)IDEOIDEO)的老板和工业设计师,
布朗(Brown)平昔是布置思想和翻新的主动倡导者 ,Design
thinking
。他创作了众多对非设计师运用规划思想方面的稿子,其中安顿变更整个,设计思想如何变革协会和鼓舞立异。

In order to survive in today’s complex world, organizations need to
generate, embrace, and execute on new ideas. That takes creativity and
a creatively capable workforce. It’s the secret sauce, or in
evolutionary terms, it’s what keeps you fit. Organizations without it
can’t compete.

彼得·贝伦斯(Peter Behrens)

彼得(彼得)·贝伦斯,德意志建筑师,工业规划的先驱者,第四位当代章程设计师,是当代人的好手,蕴涵最资深的现代主义建筑师
密斯·范德罗(坚持不渝”少即是多“的建筑艺术学),勒·柯布西耶(效用主义之父),瓦尔特·格罗皮乌斯(包豪斯(House)开创者),这两个人都在他的工作室为他干活过。他是首先个尝试综合工艺和技艺构成的设计师。

2002-现在 设计思想在生意领域站据了一个根本的任务

从20年前设计思想初始被提及,经历了恒河沙数的迭代,目前才得到肯定。
设计咨询公司包含“IDEO”,
数码智能设计公司如“青蛙”,软件设计集团如“思特沃·克(Wal·ker)”,服务统筹集团如“肯定牛”等都在02-08年左右发轫调整协调的经贸战略,现在早已改为企划行业的超越者。国内的公司转变较晚到了二零一三年左右才开头调整,像Eico
Design。
而商业擅长的店堂像麦肯锡等,也在二〇一四年起经过收购计划集团展开战略的革命。[科技中的设计\ 2017](https://link.jianshu.com?t=https://designintechreport.files.wordpress.com/2017/03/dit-2017-1-0-1c-1.pdf)
劳务统筹领域的上扬成立了合营布署和插手筹划的新工具和流程。多学科团队的合营规划这一变更打开了里面立异,使设计进程对每个人更透明和管事。除了在陈设领域在商业领域也先河拔取用安插思想和搭档企划的执行。Fuad
卢克(Luke),Sanders 和Manzini就是那块的开路先锋。
向包容性迈进的生成。随着智能手机的推广,微软提议要面向群众的规划,带着空前的包容性去思想和劳作[Inclusive\ design\ at\ Microsoft](https://link.jianshu.com?t=https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/design/inclusive)

Inclusive Design at Microsoft

Kat
holmes微软首席设计CEO,随着智能装备的家常,科学和技术产品应该关切群众,应该向包容性迈进转变。设计个性具有包容,通过辨认排他性,大家可以发轫对那么些在平常生活中与不受欢迎的宏图接触的用户建立起同理心。

Inclusive Design at Microsoft

以资源来源以下:
[1] Thomas Lockwood. Design Thinking (Design Management Institue,
2009)
[2] John Maeda. Design In Tech Report(2016,2017)
[3] Jo Szczepanska. What is design thinking, why do I keep hearing
about
it?

[4] A BRIEF HISTORY OF DESIGN THINKING: THE
THEORY

[5] 戴维·瑞兹曼. 现代设计史
[6] Stefanie Di Russo.Understanding the behaviour of design thinking
in complex environments(2016)
[7] Rikke Dam, Teo Siang. What is Design Thinking and Why Is It So
Popular?

[8] Sean Van Tyne. Design Thinking: A Brief
History

安排合营与咨询在美利坚合众国向上启动

1920-1930里面和包豪斯(House)一样有影响的米利坚工业和图纸设计师,像 Harley Earl,
Henry Dreyfuss, 沃尔特 Dorwin Teague, and DonaldDesky(都是在美利坚协作国落地的),这个设计师把规划合营与咨询用在实践上,与包豪斯(House)的指引同步影响着美利哥的图像和工业规划。

  • 哈利·厄尔 Harley
    Earl
    ,第三位在规划汽车上运用市场细分策略的设计师

    Chevrolet Corvette

  • 雷蒙德·洛威 Raymond
    Loewy
    ,设计咨询升级现有技术产品
    在不改动任何技术下,通过结合美学、材料、创设大大改变更加年代丑陋的家电产品,首位登上《时代》的设计师。他的设计分歧于包豪斯(House)的“格局追随作用”(Form
    Follows
    Function),较偏向市场主义的“格局追随市场”,他曾说过:“当商品在一如既往的价位和成效下竞争,设计就是唯一的差别”。他创立及时最大的规划集团,接授设计委托,并以“洛威设计”的名义公布,“洛威设计”在老大年代是一种可以设计的表示、销售保证的代名词,这一作法在今日也能见于一些统筹公司。

    洛威的“阿汎提”设计草图,1963年

  • 亨利(Henley)·德雷福斯 Henry
    Dreyfuss
    ,把人因因素做为产品的主干设计
    在其1955年的刊登的《Designing for
    People》
    一书中论述了以人为本的安排性理念,以人为着力的安顿最早实践者和创办人。

    Designing for People 书中节选

  • 保罗·兰德 Paul
    Rand
    ,将品牌识别与国际主义相结合
    IBM,ABC,FEEDX,西屋、NeXT等视觉系统的筹划,将包豪斯(House)倡导的当代方法及安排思想和美学原则,应用到商业服务安排中。

    IBM

ABC

“Design is relationship. Design is a relationship between form and
content.”

  • 乔治·尼尔森查里斯(Rhys)夫妇,为家庭和办公系统规划
    1945年乔治(George)·奈尔孙(尼尔森(Nelson))在Herman
    Miller做安排COO时就把规划思想带进了家电概念设计中,设计师不在单干而是与一群的设计师从系统环境的角度来看产品设计。在这一意见和策略下查里斯(Rhys)和雷·埃蒙斯设计了Eames
    Loung
    Chair。Charles平常鼓励工作人士多做试验,他曾说他的冀望就是“和那个从事于毫无用处的花色的人联名坐班。那样会碰上出新构思的火花。”

    Eames Loung Chair

1960前 包豪斯(House)的统筹思想,人文与浪费,国际现代主义和丰孟尝君化

经验工业革命,大萧条和世界二战后的工业规划。 兼顾功效生产和美学为主的时日。

Donald Norman, User-Centered Design

认知科学、人因工程等安排领域的头面世界。在1988年问世的《平日的布署性》提议
“UCD”以用户为基本的宏图。
大家所有的宏图应该按照“适合用记”那些大致的概念模型。他的看法的焦点是“大家日常生活中的半数以上学问都在环境上,而不是在头脑里”,以用户为主干的点子有利于领会用户的需求和发现错误,并采纳行动解决。诺曼(诺玛(Norma)n)的UCD设计思想开辟了新的宏图格局视角。

理查德(Richard) Buchanan,整合设计

Buchanan 原卡梅罗设计大学的长官,他通过将Rittel和Simon
的理论

Ezio
Manzini的宏图执行
相沟通,重新啄磨了安顿在解决Wicked
Problems中的角色,在1992刊登的《Wicked Problems in Design
Thinking》
中画了一条规划思想到履新的路径。在后来的关于布置思想的《Design
as a New Liberal
Art》中说设计做为专业的力量是“整合”,也许是因为专业性的缺少,所以它更有连接各学科的可能。

Design has no subject matter — that’s what make this a powerful
discipline. We MAKE our subject matter.

店家7个月会后各处都在讲安顿思想,四处都在奋斗。大家领导人照旧很跟得上风尚的呗。因在印度孟买理工商业评论福布斯的报道后“设计思想”在商业中被普遍关切和推行起来。前年美国顶尖商高校已将设计思想(design
thinking)纳入课程体系,澳大克赖斯特彻奇国立大学确立D.School等。在JohnMaeda《科学技术中的设计》年报告,很多大公司和独角兽的创办者或高层里都有设计师在里头,像IBM和麦肯锡前段时间发布了其最高级职业中对设计师的授命。从04年到二零一六年有超常50家享誉规划集团被收购,其中15,16年有26家。可见设计在生意的推崇,及设计思想的炎热。即便很火,可能过四人觉着他像VR、大数量、共享自行车等刚刚兴起的。实际上,“设计思想”(实际也是安顿)做为一种艺术已经渡过了一段不短的升华历史了。何不停一下,精通一下前身和近况呢。做完桌面研究后就花了点时间整治了该文,把从工业时代到今天影响设计思想的人物做个小介绍,因涉嫌内容其实是太多了,被放上来的,纯粹是看何人熟练,哪些人记录的事无巨细些,不对的地方请指正,感谢伟大的互联网,感谢为统筹思想付诸实践的“先烈”们。

David & Tom Kelley

IDEO多少个大家当和指导工作,Kelley兄弟都是畅销书的小编。
他们都擅长设计到商店管理。他们合营的书《创新自信力》,讲述革新创意的意见,援救个人和单位释放潜能,树立革新自信。
飞快前的TomKelley的《立异的情势》里突显了IDEO创新思想。

“It turns out that creativity isn’t some rare gift to be enjoyed by
the lucky few — it’s a natural part of human thinking and behavior. In
too many of us it gets blocked. But it can be unblocked. And
unblocking that creative spark can have far-reaching implications for
yourself, your organization, and your community.” Tom Kelley

巴克minister Fuller 的科学筹划

1956年起在MIT 创意工程实验室讲师CADS(Comprehensive Anticipatory Design
Science)。他的实验室应用科学方法暴发设计。Fuller的章程创制在工程师、工业设计师、材料专家、化学专家的精英团队的底子上举行翻新。代表作品有:Geodesic
Domestic, the Dymaxion car, Triton city, the “Fly’s Eye” Dome等。

the Dymaxion car

“设计师是汇总了音乐家,发明家,机械师,经济专家和策略于一身。”

Alistair Fuad-Luke

Fuad-Luke一位自称为专业陈设主持人、文学家、小说家和活动家,最近正值上课后来的规划执行。他的种类强调与社区和村办,社会福得和顶替经济体系的绽开,合作,共同规划。他的书《Design
Activism》
《The
Eco-Design
Handbook》
钻探设计在可持续发展中的功能。

Liz 桑德(Sander)s 工具起初者

桑德s,实验心思学和人类学的PhD. ,Make
Tools
的创立者,是运用设计探究世界的先辈。明日不可计数以人为着力的安顿性和统筹思想中运用的工具,技术和情势都可以归入她。她也是合营规划工具箱的合伙人,对于规划探讨感兴趣的人来说,这么些是一个实用的指针。

Convivial ToolBox

This human-centered design revolution is causing us to rethink the
design process. In order to drive the human-centered design
revolution, we need to tap into the imaginations and dreams not only
of designers, but also of everyday people. New design spaces are
emerging in response to everyday people’s needs for creativity.

Nigel Gross

Nigel
Gross在探究规划艺术以前是人机交互领域的讨论员。在她的精本《Designerly
ways of
Knowing》
研究设计师的沉思和决策方法与其余正规差其他是怎么?那对于构建统筹思想有着很大的影响。

“Everyone can — and does — design. We all design when we plan for
something new to happen, whether that might be a new version of a
recipe, a new arrangement of the living room furniture, or a new lay
tour of a personal web page. […] So design thinking is something
inherent within human cognition; it is a key part of what makes us
human.”

Deborah Szebeko

Szebeko23岁时在英帝国创设了ThinkPublic社会设计单位,专门从事公共部门和非政党协会的布署与更新。用合作规划重点关切社会问题,他们早已取得了多项荣誉。

We use a mixture of design processes. We’ve got a diversity of
designers, including service designers, graphics designers,
information designers, programmers, marketers, social scientists,
positive psychologists, and even anthropologists. This diversity of
experts bring different techniques related to their disciplines, and
this mixture creates a unique design process — we call it a co-design
process — whereby we capture public views.

Horst Rittel, “Wicked Problem”的倡导者

首批聚焦于统筹艺术理论的切磋者之一,与她的先辈们分裂,他力主人的体会和感受在规划时的关键。第两回将气象学引入到体验设计中。

Scandinavian 协同布置

50年代以不难、少、功效性,具有包容性和民主性为特点的通通有别于其余设计情势的Scandinavian设计活动,在北欧国家一向沿系到前日。受语言的绊脚石使得这一移动没有记录并传播更广。60年份的Scandinavian协同安插在电脑的人机交互和劳动计划上有许多的上进。

Chairs at the Danish Design Center, Denmark

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